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  • SA poultry farmers must raise their efficiency to compete, says Ted McKinney, undersecretary for trade and foreign agricultural affairs in the US agriculture department.

  • Scientists at a university in the United States have identified a new structure of neurons in the poultry brain that may be the starting point for some stress response signals.

  • The current view of poultry manure is that it is a waste stream with little value other than for application on agricultural land, as feed for livestock, or incineration for heating.

  • Just as prices for staples such as maize meal start to decline and lower income consumers start to enjoy the benefits of the current old season maize surplus at export price levels the current drought may change the outlook for 2019.

  • The South African government is continuing with a number of interventions to support the domestic poultry industry, the Department of Trade and Industry (DTI) said.

  • The recent recovery in weaner calf prices fuelled by tax purposes was short lived and did not carry though the past week. The dry conditions and lack of sufficient follow up rainfall in the grain production regions lead to price increases for yellow maize and soybeans.

  • The South African Poultry Association (SAPA) said on Tuesday that it had noted with alarm that the insidious dumping of chicken from Brazil that plagues the local industry has also taken root in Namibia.

  • Increased demand and optimism surrounding the beef industry is driving beef futures prices higher. China is one of the largest beef importers in the world, however the US only has approximately 1% of that market.

  • African Swine Fever spreads through China.

  • The short week is resulting in reduced activity on the international market this week. In the US topside, rump and striploin prices all increased week-onweek while chuck and brisket prices declined week-on-week.

  • Poultry importers have upped the ante in their fierce lobby against proposed duty tariff increases, claiming this would make chicken 32% more expensive for consumers.

  • The South African Poultry Association (SAPA) said on Thursday it was concerned about what it called irresponsible claims by a consumer protection body and a new organisation for black chicken importers and exporters in support of predatory trade from Brazil, at the expense of local jobs.

  • Beef: Week-on-week US prices for rump, striploin and brisket increased by 2.1%, 6.3% and 0.3% respectively. US Chuck prices experienced  the largest price decline this week decreasing by 6.1% compared to last week.

  • In the developed world it is becoming increasingly hard to source labour to do some of the less pleasant tasks on poultry farms, and some argue that a key way to improve welfare is to improve the amount of environmental monitoring that takes place on farm.

  • Week-on-week US beef prices of topside, rump and chuck declined by 5.2%, 4.2% and 6.5% respectively while prices of striploin and brisket increased by 0.5% and 1,3% respectively.

  • The US beef market traded negatively this week with prices for topside, rump and striploin declining by 3.4%, 5.8% and 1% respectively.

  • The domestic beef and mutton market remained fairly stable this week with marginal price movements while the poultry market moved downwards and the pork market sideways.

    Beef market trends

    International beef market

    Prices in the US beef market trended downwards this week, the largest week-on-week movement in price was striploin which declined by 8.7%. Compared to a year ago prices are much lower with prices of rump, striploin and topside between 15% and 18% down. The USDA cold storage report indicates that the frozen beef stocks are 5% down from last month and 9% down from last year. The wet weather in the US has resulted in spikes in the grain prices resulting in increased production costs of beef as feed costs increase which has added pressure to the beef prices. President Trump has announced the launch of a support system amounting to $16 billion to assist US farmers affected by the US/China trade war. The New Zealand beef market is experiencing increased demand from China with beef exports to China increasing by 3 600 tons compared to a year ago. It is expected that there will be extreme protein shortages due to the African Swine Fever outbreak, this has resulted in increased speculative buying of New Zealand beef.

    Local beef market

    The domestic beef market remained fairly stable this week with marginal price movements. The price of class A and class C beef increased slightly week-on-week while the weaner price declined by 0.6%. The weaner price is almost 21% lower than prices a year ago. The import parity has declined by 4.9% compared to last week.

    Outlook

    The US market is hoping for a slight bump in demand due to grilling season which will provide support to prices. The announcement of the trade assistance package by Donald Trump has indicated that there is no end in sight for the US/China trade war. Domestic beef prices are expected to remain fairly stable for May. From June the class C price is expected to increase while the class A price is expected to decline, weaner calf prices are expected to remain stable for the next three months.

    Sheep meat market trends

    International sheep meat market

    Prices for New Zealand lamb and ewes increased week-on-week by 1.4% and 1% respectively. The New Zealand market has experienced high demand for lamb exports with their export values for this season to 11 000 tons ahead of last season, despite concerns at the start of the season. New Zealand lamb exports to China constitute 41% of this season's exports. Export demand from the EU is lagging behind last season's levels, however increased demand has been seen coming from Germany and the Netherlands. The import parity for lamb increased by 0.2% while the import parity for ewes declined by 0.2% week-on-week. The price for mutton ribs has increased by 2.2% week-on-week but is down by 5.6% year-on-year.

    Local sheep meat market

    In the local market this week the price for class A remained relatively stable with only a 0.2% increase in price while the class C price experienced a nice increase of 3% week-on-week. The price of feeder lambs declined by 0.3% this week, the current price is 17.1% lower than prices a year ago. The number of animals slaughtered this week is 27.4% more than last week. The price of dorper skins has increased by 7.9% week-on-week, prices are almost 17% higher than a year ago.

    Outlook

    Demand for New Zealand lamb is expected to remain strong which will lend support to international prices. The domestic price for class C is expected to follow an upward trend from May onward due to increased seasonal demand. Domestic prices for Class A and feeder lambs are expected to remain fairly stable for the rest of May going into June, in June the prices are expected to experience an increase before stabilising at that increased level in July.

    Pork market trends

    International pork market

    The African Swine Fever Outbreak in China continues to be an issue internationally and seems to be providing support for international prices. Week-on-week the price of pork carcass, loin and ham each increased by approximately 2% while the US rib price declined by 3.9%. There is concern in the US market as China's preferred supplier for hog replenishment is the EU. Traders in the US are becoming concerned that the US will not regain all of the Chinese market share that they have lost during these US/China trade negotiations. The import parity for ham remained fairly stable this week while the import parity for ribs declined by 4.4% week-on-week. The USDA Cold Storage report indicates that the stock of frozen pork is 2% higher than last month's stock but is down by 2% compared to a year ago. Trump has announced the launch of a trade assistance package for US farmers affected by the US/China trade war, $100 million is dedicated for the establishment of new export markets through the Agricultural trade Promotion Programme (ATP).

    Local pork market

    The domestic pork market moved sideways this week with prices remaining stable as only marginal increases in prices were experienced. Year-on-year the price of porkers has increased by 3.7% while the price was baconers has increased by 10%. Compared to last week 5.9% more pigs were slaughtered this week, this is 25.8% more than the number of pigs slaughtered a year ago. The AMIE price for loins has increased by 26.1% compared to a year ago.

    Outlook

    The international pork market is expecting continued high levels of volatility in the short term. The US market still lacks certainty on which way the market will move with continued pressure from the US/China trade war as well as concerns regarding African Swine Fever. Prices in the domestic market is expected to remain fairly stable for the next three months. Domestic prices may experience a slight dip in June before picking up again in July to follow an increasing seasonal trend.

    Poultry market trends

    International poultry market

    The US poultry market traded positively this week. The price of whole birds remained stable with a slight increase in price while the price of chicken breasts increased by 3.2% week-on-week. Fresh and frozen MDM prices increased by 3.8% and 1.2% respectively week on week. The price of US leg quarters declined slightly this week while the price of EU leg quarters increased. Compared to a year ago the price of US whole birds is 13.6% lower. The international poultry prices are expected to continue receiving support due to the African Swine Fever outbreak in China. The USDA cold storage report indicates that frozen chicken stocks are up 3% from last month. The $16 billion trade assistance package announced by Trump includes $14.5 billion for direct payments to producers through the Market Facilitation Programme (MFP) and $1.4 billion for commodity purchases through the Food Purchase and Distribution Programme (FPDP).

    Local poultry market

    Domestic poultry prices moved downwards this week. Compared to last week the price of frozen whole birds declined by 1.5%, fresh whole birds declined by 1% and Individually Quick Frozen prices declined by 1.3%. Increasing grain prices are expected to put the domestic poultry prices under pressure.

    Outlook

    International poultry prices are expected to experience continued support as demand increases due to the protein shortage following the African swine fever outbreak. Domestic poultry prices are expected to continue their decline for the rest of the month. In line with seasonal trends prices of whole frozen birds are expected to increase from June onwards while prices of whole fresh and IQF are only expected to increase from July.

    Hide market trends

    Local hide market

    The domestic hide price for the week ending 24th May 2019 remained fairly stable at R1.72/kg on average, this is 0.15% lower than the average price last week. Current prices are 77.9% lower than prices a year ago. The RMAA price for feedlot hides declined by 2.4% while the RMAA price for field hides increased by 2.5% week-on-week.

    Outlook

    With domestic hide prices almost 80% lower than prices a year ago the domestic hide market continues to be under pressure. The global market for hides is struggling with the needed relief not expected in the short term.

  • Heat stress in broilers can be defined as the result of metabolic, hormonal, and immune system changes suffered by the birds when they are unable to dissipate sufficient body heat to the environment due to unsuitable conditions.

  • Having grabbed 30% of the local chicken market, and killed thousands of local jobs, chicken importers are claiming victory and arguing that the assault on local jobs should continue.

  • International beef prices experienced some large moves this week with brisket prices 10.3% up, chuck prices up 3.7% and the price of striploin down by 5.7% week-on-week.

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