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  • In Augustus 2018 het die Suid-Afrikaanse suiwelindustrie in terme van massa 14 639 ton uitgevoer, terwyl invoere 4 872 ton beloop het. Dit beteken dat die netto uitvoere vir Augustus 9 767 ton beloop het, teenoor 8 346 ton in Julie. Dit verteenwoordig ʼn styging van 17% in Augustusmaand en teen die agtergrond van die swak rand in September word verwag dat netto uitvoere verder sal styg.

  • The current world-record holder for milk production calls Selz-Pralle Dairy near Humbird, Wisconsin home after producing 78,170 pounds of milk in 365 days.

  • A decade ago, Greek yogurt was ascendant in America. In New York state, the hope among farmers and politicians was that their fortunes would benefit as well.

  • A German milk lab uses advanced milk-testing technology to help farmers make better herd level decisions.

  • The results of a new analysis by the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) demonstrated a decrease in “emissions intensity” (emissions per unit of product) of GHG emitted in the production of milk.

  • Angola would be an excellent place to start a dairy in Africa because there is a large population with an economy fueled by the oil industry.

  • For years, experts have recommended low-fat dairy products over the full-fat versions, which are higher in calories and contain more saturated fat. Recent research, however, indicates that full-fat dairy may actually be healthier than its reputation suggests, and that people who eat full-fat dairy are not more likely to develop cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes than people who consume low-fat dairy. They may even be less likely to gain weight.

  • The organic milk market is likely to maintain healthy growth rate during the assessment period 2018-2028, as steadily growing awareness among consumers in the last decade translates into commercial opportunities for companies.

  • According to the Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations, global milk output in 2018 is estimated at 843 million tonnes, an increase of 2.2 percent from 2017, driven by production expansions in India, Turkey, the European Union, Pakistan, the United States and Argentina, but partially offset by declines in China and Ukraine, among few others.

  • Despite growing beef cattle inventories since 2014, dairy animals have been a stable source of beef and continue to play a key role in filling U.S. beef demand.

  • It is recognised more and more that the health effects of milk and dairy foods go beyond that of their individual nutrients.

  • Many people in popular culture today are spreading the notion that drinking milk is unnatural, and are suggesting to people that humans are not meant to drink milk.

  • China has the third-largest dairy industry in the world. That’s a very new development; dairy was highly localized and not very popular nationwide in China up until the Soviet influence of the 1950s.

  • “Functional Foods” are foods or dietary components that claim to provide health benefits aside from basic nutrition1. These foods contain biologically active substances such as antioxidants that may lower the risks from certain diseases associated with aging.

  • For years, experts have recommended low-fat dairy products over the full-fat versions, which are higher in calories and contain more saturated fat.

  • Over the past ten years, the number of milk producers in South Africa has declined by 65%, from 3551 in January 2009 to 1235 in January 2019, according to the BFAP Baseline Agricultural Outlook for the period 2019 to 2028.

  • The global whole fresh milk market is estimated at $798.4B in 2018, an increase of 1.7% from 2017.

  • Milk and dairy deserve a place in a sustainable diet and should be consumed more often than currently, health experts say.

  • If you walked onto the RusMoloko dairy farm near Moscow, in Russia, you may think you've arrived onto a bizarre futuristic film set, where cows run around fitted with VR headsets.

  • It was found that increasing the frequency of feed provision (2x) increases the amount of time cows spent feeding each day and also changes the distribution of daily feeding time, resulting in cows having more equal access to feed throughout the day compared to the situation when feed is provided only once per day. Another result of feeding twice per day was that less feed sorting occurred. When dairy cows sort feed, they usually select the finer and/or smaller particles. In one study, there was 8% more forage remaining in the bunk when the cows were fed once compared to when they were fed twice. Since longer particles are a significant source of fibre, sorting increases the risk that cows will not consume adequate fibre to maintain healthy rumen function.


    When animals are fed 5-6 times per day, there will be a stable pH in the rumen at levels ranging from about 5.5 to 5.8, but when they are fed only 1-2 times per day, the pH will vary from about 5.1 to 7.1 within the same day. With a stable pH value in the rumen, the digestibility of dietary fibre will be increased due to the increased microbial activity in the rumen, which results from the increased energy level needed for such activity. High-frequency feeding also reduces the amount of ammonia produced in the rumen following digestion of protein, indicating low rates of degradable protein formation and high rates of non-degradable protein, which is used for productive purposes. The increased ratio of non-degradable protein relative to the degradable protein in the rumen can probably be attributed to the increased rate of passage of digesta from the rumen with high-frequency feeding allowing insufficient time for degradation.

    Metabolic disorders
    There has been some concern that providing feed once a day may result in slug feeding, which could predispose a cow to sub-acute rumen acidosis. Alternatively, more frequent offerings of feed may result in cows spreading out their feeding times more evenly throughout the day. Further, a steady input of nutrients into the rumen over the course of the day should benefit rumen function, which in turn may reduce the risk of sub-acute rumen acidosis.

    Hormonal changes
    There are a number of hormonal changes associated with feeding frequency (Table 1). The increased production of growth hormones in the 4x group resulted in a daily gain of 1.40kg while those in the 1x group gained 1.27kg per day with similar feed intake levels. The reduced insulin secretion with frequent feeding helps produce carcasses with more muscle and less fat since insulin is positively related to carcass fat formation. Also, lower production of thyroid hormones with frequent feeding helps reduce the metabolic rate and heat increment and hence improves energy utilisation for growth and other productive purposes.

    Milk production
    In one study, milk production was increased by 3% when feeding frequency was increased, probably because of the increased feed intake. Milk fat concentration also increases by 8% with frequent feeding, mainly due to the consumption of larger amounts of fibre, as explained above. With increased fibre consumption, there is increased production of acetic acid in the rumen, which acts as a precursor of milk fat synthesis. There was no evidence, however, that concentrations of milk protein and lactose can be affected by changes in feeding frequency.

    Mitigation of thermal stress
    Increasing feeding frequency should reduce heat production because it promotes a uniform rate of absorption of nutrients and spreads the total heat increment due to feeding over a longer time period. Frequent feeding of heat-stressed cows also helps prevent the problem with milk fat by maintaining uniform rumen fermentation and permitting a higher intake of concentrates without a decrease in the rumen pH or the acetate-to-propionate ratio. During winter, animals are exposed to low-temperature extremes and windy and wet weather. These variables can double their daily calorie needs and, if these are not met, this could result in sickness and a greater risk of death, especially in young calves. By consuming smaller volumes more frequently, calves can better fend off diarrhoea or digestive disturbances at any time of year.

    Profit potential
    It was reported that 97.1% (34 of 35) of the calves in the 3x feeding group entered the milking string. In comparison, 80% (28 of 35) of calves fed twice per day entered the milking herd. This means that for every six calves fed three times a day one additional heifer entered lactation. Calves fed three times per day also averaged 516kg more milk and calved 16 days earlier. This can translate to improved herd longevity, while increasing the number of replacement heifers that ­successfully make it to the milking line.
    By Dr Salah H. Esmail, Ph.D

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